Great going! Now that you have selected the stakeholders for your humanitarian aid trip, it is time for you to do a deeper investigation into the specific health challenge attached to the scenario of your choice. Health challenges may and will vary across developing and developed countries. This week you gained insight surrounding the prevalence, incidence, and impacts of global nutrition and mental health challenges. For this assignment, you will engage in a similar investigation of your selected scenario.
Building on your prior project preparation assignments, you will go a step further to analyze the specific health challenge for your humanitarian aid trip.
Note that you should cite at least three scholarly sources from your investigation. The evidence should not be older than five years. To access the Shapiro Library Guide: Nursing—Graduate, go to the Start Here section of the course.
Specifically, you must address the following rubric criteria:
Module one Project Preparation Worksheet
Southern New Hampshire University
IHP-501-Q2461 Global Health and Diversity
Professor Esther Johnstone
The Ebola outbreak in West Africa from 2013 to 2015 was the worst ever seen; it mostly hit the three neighboring nations of Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. In terms of cases reported, Sierra Leone was the nation most severely impacted. The current study examines the outbreak in Sierra Leone. The epidemic was deemed a "public health emergency of worldwide concern" by the WHO in August 2014. Ebola spread quickly as a result of early warning systems, and the nation's health system was unable to handle the enormous number of Cases (Richards, et al. 2020). In total, 14,124 Ebola cases including 3,955 fatalities had been reported to the WHO by March 2016; this was surpassing any other nation.
Even more expensive than it is for adults, the WHO corresponds with the description of the potential Ebola virus in youngsters. For admission, children under the age of five simply need to exhibit one qualifying symptom. In late November 2014, 13/39 (or 33%) of the children admitted to the main hospital for children came back positive for the Ebola virus disease. As ebola virus infection incidence declined, this proportion rose (Fitzgerald, et al. 2016). This means that children could potentially be exposed to the nosocomial ebola virus sickness, and the effect on mortality for frequent diseases like malaria or sepsis is still unknown.
A. Geographic Region:
i. Size: the nation's 71,740 km2 total area is made up of 120 km2 of water and 71,620 km2 of land.
ii. Location: Guinea borders Sierra Leone to the north and east, Liberia to the south, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west.
iii. Climate: The area has a tropical climate, with hot, muggy weather at the shore and more temperate weather inland. The mean annual temperature is 26.7°C, and there are 2,746 mm of rain on average per year.
B. Socioeconomic Profile:
i. Capital City: Freetown
ii. Major Districts or Territories: there are Four provinces as well as a western area, which includes the capital Freetown, which makes up Sierra Leone. That is; Western Area, Eastern Province, Northern Province, North Western Province, and Southern Province. There are sixteen administrative districts in Sierra Leone.
iii. Income Standard: Low-income economies with the least development
iv. Common Occupations: The primary industry for employment is still mining, although numerous ancillary industries are expanding alongside it.
v. GDP Estimate: statistics GDP at $4.082 billion, growing at a rate of 3.8% in 2017 and 3.5% in 2018, and a rate of 4.8% in 2019e and 4.9% in 2020f.
vi. Source of Funding for the Education System: Education system in Sierra Leone is supported by households' informal donations, taxes, and fees along with the official national budget including off-aid, even though providing access to education is a fundamental responsibility of the state.
vii. Source of Funding for the Healthcare System: The Sierra Leone Superior Essential Health Care services, as well as the Systems Support Project, is supported by a $20 million financing from Global Financing Facility and a $40 million grant from the Global Development Association (IDA)
Birth Rate: 4.08 births per woman
ii. Aging Trends: average annual aging rate is around 1.51%
iii. Death Rates: 11.483
3. Prevalent Health Concerns: prevalent health concern of the Ebola virus is the capital city of Sierra Leone, a free town. In addition to the presence
4. Social Determinants:
The factors in the surroundings where individuals are born, reside, learn, work, play, religion, as well as the age that have an impact on a variety of health, functional, and quality-of-life consequences and hazards are known as social determinants of health (Houéto, 2019).
Education: The country's efforts to control the population through education have been hampered by community opposition, which has several root reasons. Medical anthropologists have well-documented fears and misconceptions about foreign diseases, as well as addressing the causes of why many people did not accept the existence of Ebola
ii. Healthcare: The lines between "hot" and "low-risk" zones become hazy whenever a city experiences strenuous and prevalent transmission, as first occurred in Monrovia and afterward later in Freetown
iii. Economic Stability: Most of the transportation of agricultural products to consumer areas was hampered by the Ebola epidemic. When the outbreak was at its worst, workers shied away from visiting hazardous situations, as well as the number of businesses fell by 20%.
iv. Inequity: Slums swiftly developed into Ebola hotspots and disease hubs. Shantytown residents who contracted Ebola infected three times as many individuals as those in wealthy neighborhoods.
Fitzgerald, F., Awonuga, W., Shah, T., & Youkee, D. (2016). Ebola response in Sierra Leone: The impact on children. Journal of Infection, 72, S6-S12. DOI: 10.1016/j.jinf.2016.04.016
Richards, P., Mokuwa, G. A., Vandi, A., Mayhew, S. H., & Ebola Gbalo Research Team. (2020). Re-analysing Ebola spread in Sierra Leone: the importance of local social dynamics. PloS one, 15(11), e0234823. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0234823
Houéto, D. (2019). The social determinants of emerging infectious diseases in Africa. MOJ Public Health, 8(2), 57-63
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